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Detailed procedures will be established to determine how anti-dumping files will be opened, how to conduct investigations, and under what conditions it will be possible to ensure that all interested parties have the opportunity to provide evidence. Anti-dumping measures must expire five years after the date of taxation, unless an investigation shows that the end of the measure would result in harm. When a company exports a product at a price below the price it normally charges in its own domestic market, the goods are allegedly dumped. Is it unfair competition? Opinions differ, but many governments are fighting dumping to defend their domestic industry. The WTO agreement is not being judged. It focuses on how governments can or may not respond to dumping by applying anti-dumping measures, and is often referred to as an anti-dumping agreement. (The focus is solely on the response to dumping, contrary to the agreement approach on subsidies and countervailing measures. 5.8 An application in paragraph 1 is rejected and the investigation is immediately closed as soon as the relevant authorities are satisfied that there is insufficient evidence of recovery or prejudice to justify the continuation of the proceedings. When the authorities find that the margin of dumping is de minimis or that the volume of imports dumped, real or potential, the damage is negligible, the costs of dissemination are immediately ended. The dumping margin is considered de minimis if this range is less than 2%, expressed as a percentage of the export price.

The volume of dumped imports is generally considered negligible when it is determined that the volume of dumped imports from a given country accounts for less than 3% of imports of the similar product into the import Member State, unless countries that individually account for less than 3% of imports of the similar product into the import Member State account for more than 7% of similar imports into the import Member State. member. All WTO members are required to bring their anti-dumping rules into line with the anti-dumping agreement and to communicate this legislation to the Anti-Dumping Practices Committee. Although the Committee does not approve or reject the legislation of the members, the legislation is reviewed in the committee, with questions posed by MEPs and discussions on the coherence of the implementation of the requirements of the agreement by a member determined in national legislation. In addition, members are required to inform the committee, twice a year, of all investigations, measures and anti-dumping measures. The committee has adopted a standard format for these notifications, which must be reviewed within the committee. Finally, members are required to notify the committee without delay of interim and final anti-dumping measures, including the minimum information provided in their notification, which are required in the guidelines approved by the committee. These notifications will also be reviewed by the committee. The agreement sets out the factors to be taken into account in assessing the risk of harm that could be dumped.

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