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The UK is currently in a transitional phase after leaving the EU at the end of January 2020 with a withdrawal agreement (AV). During this period, the UK continues to follow almost all EU laws (with a few exceptions), although it is not a member state. This deadline expires at the end of December 2020. Is there a way to extend the transition period or find more time to reach agreement and implementation? The withdrawal agreement provides for a transition period until the end of 2020, during which time the UK still applies EU law. The protocol also contains a unilateral exit mechanism for Northern Ireland: the Northern Ireland Assembly will vote every four years on whether these rules, which require a simple majority, should be maintained. These votes take place two months before the end of each four-year period, with the first period beginning at the end of December 2020 (when the transition period is scheduled). [26] If the Assembly is suspended on that date, the GG vote shall be held. If the Assembly expresses inter-community support in one of these periodic votes, the protocol will apply for the next eight years instead of the usual four years. [26] However, if the Assembly votes against the continuation of these rules, the UK and the EU will be given two years to adopt new rules. [24] [25] British nationals and EU citizens, family members who are UK nationals or EU citizens and family members who are not nationals of these two Member States retain the right to stay in the host state (Article 13). The host Member State must not restrict or prevent persons from obtaining, retaining or losing the right of residence (Article 13). Persons with valid documents [necessary clarification] will not need an entry and exit visa or identical formalities and would not be allowed to enter or enter the host state without complications (Article 14). In the event that the host state “requires an entry visa for family members who join EU citizens or UK nationals after the end of the transitional period,” the host state is required to issue the visas required free of charge through an expedited procedure in appropriate institutions (Article 14).

The agreement also covers the issuance of indeterminate residence permits during and after the transition period, as well as their restrictions. In addition, the rights of salaried and self-employed workers will be clarified and recognition and identification of professional qualifications will be made possible. This will allow both sides to negotiate a new partnership for the future, based on the agreed political declaration. Thus, while the UK will no longer have the right to vote, it will continue to comply with EU rules during the transition period. For example, the European Court of Justice will have the final say in all disputes. After an unprecedented vote on 4 December 2018, MEPs ruled that the UK government was not respecting Parliament because it refused to give Parliament full legal advice on the consequences of its proposed withdrawal terms. [29] The focus of the consultation was on the legal effect of the “backstop” agreement for Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom with regard to the CUSTOMS border between the EU and the United Kingdom and its impact on the Good Friday agreement that led to the end of the unrest in Northern Ireland, including whether , according to the proposals, the UK would be certain that it would be able to leave the EU in a practical sense.

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H&M INVEST s.r.o.

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